Jānis Pliekšāns’ (Rainis’) “Formula of Happiness”


  • Jānis Lazdiņš University of Latvia




Jānis Pliekšāns, Rainis, happiness, formula of happiness, struggle for happiness


The article focuses on the analysis of the understanding of “formula of happiness” of Jānis Pliekšāns (Rainis), lawyer, philosopher and the most famous Latvian poet. Rainis’ works were created at the end of the 19th – beginning of the 20th centuries. This is the time when the legal consciousness of the Latvian State was evolving and the Republic of Latvia was proclaimed (1918). Rainis’ views in the philosophy of law were significantly influenced by the theory of Marxism and the fight for rights described by Rudolf von Ihering. Rainis’ “formula of happiness” means interminable self-improvement in the struggle for personal happiness with the aim of leading the whole humanity towards happiness. The ultimate happiness is work for the benefit of all people.

Author Biography

Jānis Lazdiņš, University of Latvia

Dr. iur.
Professor at the Department of Legal Theory and History
Faculty of Law, University of Latvia




How to Cite

Lazdiņš, J. (2020). Jānis Pliekšāns’ (Rainis’) “Formula of Happiness”. Journal of the University of Latvia. Law, (13), 153–163. https://doi.org/10.22364/jull.13.09

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