Approaches to Easy-To-Read Discourses: a case study


  • Gunta Rozina
  • Indra Karapetjana University of Latvia
  • Margarita Spirida University of Latvia



discourse-pragmatic approaches, Easy language, easy-to-read discourse, adaptation, cognitive load reduction


In 2017, the organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development estimated that around 25 per cent of the population experiences difficulties in reading comprehension. The World Health Organisation (2021) has indicated that around 15 per cent of the world population faces functional impairment-related problems, which limit sufficient access to information unless the resources are adapted for meeting the needs of this layer of society. Considering the increasing numbers of the population who suffer from impairments at the language perception level, the present study has attempted to examine selected approaches that might serve for developing easy-to-read (EtR) discourses. Limited research has been conducted in the above-mentioned field, and the contributions that exist so far have focused on the linguistic and design features considered when producing EtR discourses; however, other central components that govern the adaptation of authentic texts for EtR needs seem to be neglected. Therefore, the present study aims to examine selected discourse-pragmatic approaches that can be applied for adapting texts to an EtR language. The present research is a qualitative case study targeted at EtR text developers and seeks to answer the research question: which discourse-pragmatic approaches should be considered to produce easy-to-read discourses? In conclusion, the paper offers the implications of the findings and reflects on the value of using discourse-pragmatic approaches to EtR discourse and cognitive load reduction.

Author Biographies

Gunta Rozina

Gunta Rozina (Dr. philol,) is a full professor in applied linguistics at the University of Latvia. Her current research interests comprise linguistic anthropology, linguo-pragmatic, pragma-linguistic and cognitive aspects of communication. 

Indra Karapetjana, University of Latvia

Indra Karapetjana (Dr. philol.) is a full professor in applied linguistics at the University of Latvia. Her main research interests involve political and academic discourse analysis, critical discourse analysis, ESP and CLIL.

Margarita Spirida, University of Latvia

Margarita Spirida (Mg. philol.) is a lecturer at the University of Latvia. Her main research interests involve discourse analysis, discourse stylistics, ecolinguistics and translation studies.


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How to Cite

Rozina, G., Karapetjana, I., & Spirida, M. (2022). Approaches to Easy-To-Read Discourses: a case study. Baltic Journal of English Language, Literature and Culture, 12, 136–151.