False Friends in Interpreting: the case of English, French and Latvian





false friends, interference, loans, idioms, interpretation


False friends are the result of language interference on a lexical level. They have been studied in various language combinations and from various aspects, often resulting in different classifications and subtypes. The paper highlights the issues related to false friends from English and French into Latvian in the interpreting scene and considers the current lexical and semantic processes in the Latvian language. Research shows that the number of deceptive loans in Latvian has increased considerably during this century. The diachronic change of false friends may reflect the need for updated lexicographic resources on false friends, since they are an important tool for distinguishing them. However, false friends also exist on an idiomatic level. The discourse on false friends has been assessed through an analysis of a survey that was delivered to Latvian interpreters working in European Union institutions and in the Latvian local market. The study and conclusions may be of interest to linguists, interpreters and translators as well as language teachers and learners.

Author Biography

Evelīna Ķiršakmene, University of Latvia

Evelīna Ķiršakmene (Mg. Int.) is a translator and interpreter. Her research interests include lexicography, lexicology, semantics, translation and interpretation.


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How to Cite

Ķiršakmene, E. (2023). False Friends in Interpreting: the case of English, French and Latvian. Baltic Journal of English Language, Literature and Culture, 13, 69–83. https://doi.org/10.22364/BJELLC.13.2023.05